Our Green Wedge

It has taken years of lobbying, but residents in our northern suburbs will soon celebrate the end of odour, dust and trucks in their neighbourhoods with former landfills being transformed into parklands and open space.

We are getting on with the job of delivering the ‘chain of parks’ as set out in the:

Sandbelt Open Space Project Development Plan(PDF, 6MB)

and Kingston’s Green Wedge Management Plan(PDF, 16MB).

Visit Your Kingston, Your Say for updates on the green wedge project

What is a green wedge?

A green wedge is a non-urban area of metropolitan Melbourne that sits outside the Urban Growth Boundary. There are 12 green wedge areas in Melbourne which collectively form a ring around the metropolitan area. A green wedge plan sets out the vision, objectives and actions for the sustainable use and development of each wedge.

Where and how big is Kingston’s green wedge?

Our green wedge extends roughly from Karkarook Park to Braeside Park, with two small areas of land in Aspendale Gardens/Waterways and Patterson Lakes. The area is 2070 hectares – that’s about the size of 1035 MCGs.

Who owns Kingston’s green wedge?

Karkarook Park and Braeside Park are both owned and managed by Parks Victoria and Moorabbin Airport is leased to the Commonwealth on a 99 year agreement. After taking these three significant parcels of land out of the equation, the remaining Green Wedge is 66 per cent held by private owners, 20 per cent held by the State and 14 per cent held by local government. 

What is the chain of parks?

Kingston is committed to turning old landfills into a series of linked parks that offer a wide range of recreational facilities and open space within our green wedge, creating a network or ‘chain’ of parks.

How did the idea come about?

The idea of a series of linked parks in the Heatherton/Dingley area has been around since the early 1970s. Successive councils, state governments and the community broadly support the concept.

Do we need more parks in our area?

The area is ideally located to address the deficiency of regional parks in Melbourne, specifically for the suburbs between Caulfield and Clayton. Although the area does not have many sites of botanical and fauna significance, it is valuable for open space and recreational purposes.

Who owns the land?

A mix of parties own the land needed to achieve the Chain of Parks idea including Council, State Government and private companies.  A Public Acquisition Overlay, which identifies land to be purchased by a public authority (in this case Parks Victoria), was applied to 128.2 hectares of land needed for the project.

However, it may take decades for the entire project to be realised due to higher environmental standards now in place to remediate landfill sites and significant funding will also have to be sourced to buy the land under the Public Acquisition Overlay.

What would the Chain of Parks look like?

The Chain of Parks development plan proposes:

  • a core area of 355 hectares (the size of about 150 MCGs) of publicly owned land to create continuous park “spine” from Warrigal Road, Moorabbin to Braeside Park, Dingley
  • a range of parks to complement Braeside Park and other conversation and recreation areas
  • six broad park themes including:
    • regional parklands
    • an outdoor adventure/education area
    • an area developed for family/fun/theme park activities
  • two major regional parklands: Karkarook Park and Braeside Park
  • central pedestrian and bicycle trails/shared paths over the 10 kilometre length of the linked parks with secondary trails and links to the surrounding communities. 

View the Chain of Parks plans(PDF, 32MB)

Why have there been so many landfills in Kingston?

The archaeological context of Kingston is predominantly sand dune fields. About 6,000 to 8,000 years ago, when the sea level stabilised at the current levels, numerous small swamps began to form in the dune swales. This created the resource-rich sandbelt that is located under parts of Kingston and was mined through the 1900s.

The large holes left in the ground from mining had to be filled and so they were used as landfills for the region. Various types of materials were accepted, from inert materials such as construction waste, to putrescible waste, which decays and rots, such as household garbage.

Why use the old landfills for parks?

Once all of the mining pits are filled, there are limited ways the land can be used and it can take decades to be safe for certain uses again. Depending on the type of waste accepted by a landfill, gas and water continues to be produced for many decades after it has closed. This process takes longer for deeper landfills. 

Former landfill sites are not suitable for constructed or heavily paved surfaces because (as waste settles in the landfill) the surface becomes uneven.

Parks are an excellent end use for remediated landfills. In fact, many of Kingston and Melbourne’s parks are former landfills.

From the time a landfill has closed, it can take anywhere from 10 to 40 years for the site to be considered safe for parkland, and it takes significantly longer for them to be safe for constructed facilities. This is due to the environmental standards in place to rehabilitate landfill sites.