City, Population and History
The City of Kingston is located in the middle and outer southern suburbs of Melbourne, approximately 20km south of the Melbourne CBD, and is surrounded by Bayside, Monash, Glen Eira, Greater Dandenong and Frankston.
Kingston is one of the state’s main employment centres, having one of the largest and most concentrated industrial sectors in Victoria. There are approximately 15,500 businesses with over 70,000 people employed throughout the City of Kingston. Community and business networks play an important role in linking and supporting local businesses. Almost 30 per cent of the community work locally and are able to enjoy shorter arrival times and an improved work-life balance.
Kingston’s shopping amenities range from local neighbourhood shops and friendly village strips, to Southland Shopping Centre and major activity centres in Moorabbin, Cheltenham, Mentone, Mordialloc and Chelsea.
Kingston is a diverse community with a current estimated resident population of 162,500, spanning a wide range of ages, household types and cultures. Our community is constantly growing; by 2036 Kingston’s population is expected to reach 185,000 making up an anticipated 77,300 dwellings.
The changing cultural make-up of Kingston is reflective of immigration trends across Australia, with the Italian and Greek population ageing, and an increase in people arriving from India and China. About 30 per cent of Kingston’s population was born overseas, with 22 per cent of households speaking a language other than English, including Greek, Mandarin, Russian, Italian and Cantonese.
Read more: Health and Wellbeing, City of Kingston Multicultural Profile, and Demographics and Forecasts.
The City encompasses a total land area of 91 square kilometres, is a residential and industrial area, with substantial areas of open space. With significant residential areas in the west and south, there are also major industrial nodes around Moorabbin, Braeside, Moorabbin Airport and Clayton South. The central and eastern areas contain significant areas of primary industry, such as high-value horticulture and flower cultivation. There are also substantial areas designated for leisure and environmental value, including golf courses, wetlands and significant areas of foreshore.
Kingston has a rich Aboriginal history, and today we have a proud vibrant Aboriginal culture.
The Boon wurrung people of the past connected with the land and waterways in the area. Activities and campsites dependent on the seasons have left their evidence of middens and scarred trees throughout Kingston. In good weather they camped along the foreshore while in poor weather they sought shelter in woodland or near rocks.
Further inland lived the Wurundjeri-baluk clan of the Woiworung tribe. All these people belonged to a nation of Aboriginal people known as the Kulin nation who occupied most of Western and Central Victoria. A camping reserve was set up for the Boon wurrung at Mordialloc in the early 1840s and this site is now marked with the Aboriginal Flag flying beside the Mordialloc Creek. Read more: localhistory.kingston.vic.gov.au.
In December 1994, the City of Kingston formed following the amalgamation of the former cities of Moorabbin, Mordialloc, Chelsea, Springvale and Oakleigh. In the intervening years, Kingston rose to the challenge to build a vibrant and lively municipality which residents could feel proud to call home.